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1247 words free essay on Child labour in India

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❶This malady is rampant across the length and breadth of India. Child labor is a serious social problem , not only in India but also in other developing countries.

Causes of Child Labor

बाल-मजूदूर-समस्या
Effects of Child Labor
Essay On Child Labour In Hindi

Lack of proper educational facilities is another reason that forces parents to send their children to work. India accounts for the second highest number of child labor after Africa. Bonded child labor or slave labor is one of the worst types of labor for children. It is estimated that approximately 10 million bonded children laborers are working as domestic servants in India. Beyond this there are almost 55 million bonded child laborers hired across various other industries.

A recent ILO report says that about 80 per cent of child laborers in India are employed in the agriculture sector. Generally, the children are sold to the rich moneylenders to whom borrowed money cannot be returned.

Sometimes they are made to go hungry for days together so that people feel sorry for them and give alms. Among the industries, glass and bangle industry is estimated to employ around 60, children who are made to work under extreme conditions of excessive heat. An equal number are estimated to be employed in matchbox factories, where they are made to work over twelve hours a day, beginning work at around 4 a.

The brass and the lock industries also employ an estimated 50, children each. However, it is the carpet industry in India which employs the largest number of children estimated to be more than four lakhs.

The statistical information regarding child labor cannot be taken to be precise, as there are areas where no accounting has been done.

There are innumerable workshops and factories that have cramped up rooms where children work, eat and sleep. No one from the outside world would even know that they are working there. However, people working towards the welfare of child laborers, with the tip-off from insiders, have been able to rescue a number of children from such units. The National Policy on Child Labor formulated in seeks to adopt a gradual and sequential approach with a focus on rehabilitation of children working in hazardous occupations and processes.

The Action Plan outlined the Legislative Action Plan for strict enforcement of Child Labor Act and other labor laws to ensure that children are not employed in hazardous employments, and that the working conditions of children working in non-hazardous areas are regulated in accordance with the provisions of the Child Labor Act.

It also entails further identification of additional occupations and processes, which are detrimental to the health and safety of the children. Government has accordingly been taking proactive steps to tackle this problem through general strict enforcement of legislative provisions along with simultaneous rehabilitative measures. To bring the social malady of child labor under control, the government has opened a special cell to help children in exploitive circumstances.

These cells comprise of social inspectors, as well as other administrative personnel, employed specifically to deal with child labor issues. Also, in recent years, the media has helped unravel what is happening in certain industrial units with journalists visiting such places with a hidden camera.

The efforts made by sections of the government, social workers, non-government organizations and others to rescue and rehabilitate the children must be applauded. In addition, each individual should also take responsibility of reporting about anyone employing a child below the age of fourteen years.

However, considering the magnitude and extent of the problem, concerted efforts from all sections of the society is needed to make a dent. Measures need to be taken not only to stop this crime against children, but also to slowly, steadily and surely provide every child a well-deserved healthy and normal childhood.

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Before preserving your articles on this site, please read the following pages: The Mines Act of The Act prohibits the employment of children below 18 years of age in a mine. The Act prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in hazardous occupations identified in a list by the law. The list was expanded in , and again in In , the Act was amended not in force as of 30 July to prohibit employment of child below 14 years in all occupation except for helping in non-hazardous family business and of child artists in the entertainment industry and sports.

Further, adolescents between 14—18 years will not be allowed to work in hazardous industries and processes. This act made child labour as a complete crime which is punishable with prison term for anyone to keep a child in bondage. The presence of many children working is to be considered as a serious issues in terms of economic welfare. Many children work and fail to get proper education. In terms of the physical condition of children, children are not ready for long monotonous work because they become exhausted more quickly than adults.

This reduces their physical conditions and makes the children more vulnerable to disease. Children who are working under hazardous conditions are even in worse condition.

Children who work, instead of going to school, will remain illiterate which limits their ability to contribute to their own well being as well as to community they live in. Child labour has long term adverse effects for India. Child labour has also been a subject of public interest litigations in Indian courts. Tribal populations, however, had higher child labour rates at 3.

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