Skip Nav

What is primary data and secondary data in Statistics and research methods?

404 - File or directory not found.

❶Conversely, secondary data is relatively inexpensive and quickly available.

Related Questions

Quick Answer
Collection of Primary Data →
Key Differences Between Primary and Secondary Data

It can be a lengthy process but does provide first-hand information. Secondary data is information that is already available somewhere, whether it be in journals, on the internet, in a company's records or, on a larger scale, in corporate or governmental archives.

Secondary data allows for comparison of, say, several years worth of statistical information relating to, for example, a sector of the economy, where the information may be used to measure the effects of change or whatever it is that is being researched.

Sometimes both methods are used in research as companies want to measure their own responses and previously-generated responses from which a comparison can be made. Data collected first hand in raw form. Data that is collected for a specific purpose. Basically data collected in raw form directly from a source for a specific purpose, is referred to as primary data.

Data collected from sources that have already collected it. Basically it is second hand or re-used data that is collected from primary day.

It can also be known as first hand or un-organized data, it is the one which is in an un-polished form, for example notes taken at an interview by a journalist or surveys.

It is the opposite of primary data, and can also be called second hand data, also this type of data is in a polished form. Examples are census, newspapers etc. Primary data are first hand informations. These informations are collected directly from the source by means of field studies. Primary data are original and are like raw materials. It is the most crude form of information. The investigator himself collects primary data or supervises its collection.

It may be collected on a sample or census basis or from case studies. While primary data is collected with an aim for getting solution to the problem at hand, secondary data is collected for other purposes.

Basis for Comparison Primary Data Secondary Data Meaning Primary data refers to the first hand data gathered by the researcher himself. Secondary data means data collected by someone else earlier. Data Real time data Past data Process Very involved Quick and easy Source Surveys, observations, experiments, questionnaire, personal interview, etc. Government publications, websites, books, journal articles, internal records etc. May or may not be specific to the researcher's need.

Primary data is data originated for the first time by the researcher through direct efforts and experience, specifically for the purpose of addressing his research problem. Also known as the first hand or raw data. Primary data collection is quite expensive, as the research is conducted by the organisation or agency itself, which requires resources like investment and manpower. The data collection is under direct control and supervision of the investigator.

The data can be collected through various methods like surveys, observations, physical testing, mailed questionnaires, questionnaire filled and sent by enumerators, personal interviews, telephonic interviews, focus groups, case studies, etc.

Secondary data implies second-hand information which is already collected and recorded by any person other than the user for a purpose, not relating to the current research problem.

It is the readily available form of data collected from various sources like censuses, government publications, internal records of the organisation, reports, books, journal articles, websites and so on. Secondary data offer several advantages as it is easily available, saves time and cost of the researcher. But there are some disadvantages associated with this, as the data is gathered for the purposes other than the problem in mind, so the usefulness of the data may be limited in a number of ways like relevance and accuracy.

Moreover, the objective and the method adopted for acquiring data may not be suitable to the current situation. Therefore, before using secondary data, these factors should be kept in mind. The fundamental differences between primary and secondary data are discussed in the following points:.

As can be seen from the above discussion that primary data is an original and unique data, which is directly collected by the researcher from a source according to his requirements. As opposed to secondary data which is easily accessible but are not pure as they have undergone through many statistical treatments. Thank you for the information it is of great importance to us as Anderson students who have the privilege to use internet for our assignments. Your email address will not be published.

What Is Secondary Data?

Main Topics

Privacy Policy

Data collection plays a very crucial role in the statistical analysis. In research, there are different methods used to gather information, all of which fall into two categories, i.e. primary data, and secondary data.

Privacy FAQs

Data collection is a process of collecting information from all the relevant sources to find answers to the research problem, test the hypothesis and evaluate the outcomes. Data collection methods can be divided into two categories: secondary methods of data collection and primary methods of data.

About Our Ads

Methods of Data Collection- Primary and Secondary Data There are two types of data Primary Data and Secondary Data → laheimdo.cfy Data → Raw data or primary data is a term for data . that secondary data analysis is a viable method to utilize in the process of inquiry when a systematic procedure is followed and presents an illustrative research application utilizing secondary data analysis in library and information science research.

Cookie Info

Need to know what market research methods to use? This article defines primary data vs. secondary data, provides helpful examples, and offers resources. Get an answer for 'What is the difference between primary and secondary research data?' and find homework help for other Research Methods and Processes questions at eNotes.