The most famous of those forced from their native land by the U. These tribes constituted the majority of more than 60, Indians driven out of their land and they were distinguished from other Indian populations due to their leadership forms and organization. They had functional social systems based on property ownership, government offices and established schools much like in Europe Perdue, The Trail of Tears created a period of immeasurable misery and despair among the Indians who were being relocated against their wishes.
In order to relocate the Indian tribes swiftly and effectively, the Indians tribes were prearranged into wretched and miserable traveling caravans. During the trail, the Indians passed through horrible living conditions that were unbearable, for instance, the Indians slept in the mud, lacked shelter and enough food. On the other hand, they were usually forced to march in chains or manacles. In most cases, if the poor living conditions did not kill them, severe disease outbreaks killed most of the Indians.
They were plagued with diseases such as dysentery, pneumonia, whooping cough, pellagra and tuberculosis, which usually wiped out entire families Cave, Consequently, the Trail of Tears resulted in massive deaths among the Indians apart from damaging the Indian American spirit and self respect.
The Indian Removal act gave President Jackson the power to relocate the Indians under their consent while the act required that they be compensated for the relocation.
However, this is not the manner in which the policy was implemented as the government engaged in false treaties with the Indians, broken promises and perpetrated lies while dealing with the Indians Cave, The Choctaw Indians in were the first who were relocated and they became a perfect model for the successful relocations.
The Seminole followed the Choctaw in , then the Creek in the year , the Chickasaw Indians in the year , and lastly the Cherokee Indians in As a result, by , it is estimated that more than 46, Native Indians from these southern states had forcefully been relocated from their homelands thus opening about 25 million acres for mainly white settlement Perdue, In conclusion, the Trail of Tears is a perfect expression of the U.
The new white settlers in the U. The Trail of Tears resulted in a devastating effect for the Indians who were forced to walk over 1, miles to Oklahoma in a trip where they walked without shoes or enough clothing Perdue, The food provision was scarce, they suffered from severe diseases and a large number of the Indians died from the harsh conditions and diseases. Even with the opposition, the U. On estimate 4, Cherokees died from starvation and exposure to disease. Today it is known by the name Trail of Tears.
On December 29th, , U. Out of the three hundred gathered there only were voters, none of which had been authorized by the government or the Cherokee Nation. The treaty was signed by 20 members of the Treaty Party.
First Paperbound Printing, The Cherokees in the concentration camps were imprisoned in a space enclosed by 16 foot walls. There was no privacy or shelter in the concentration camps. Summer heat made the camps worse. People began to die, starting with the very young and old. Hundreds of babies died in these concentration camps; altogether 2, people ended up dying in the concentration camps.
The greed for the acquisition of land in the early 19th century, led early Americans to petition the U. Department of State, 20 Jan. Under pressure of war from the U. When Andrew Jackson became president he built a new system to remove the Native Indians.
He encouraged Congress to pass the Indian Removal Act of When the removal failed to work the U. Nearly 50, eastern Indians to Indian Territory, which freed rich land for white settlers.
The Cherokee Nation resisted further confinement of the Native people. National Archives and Records Administration, 8 Jan. So you need an essay done? We have something that you might like - do you want to check it out? Trail of Tears Research Paper. It did not allow the government to coerce the Native Peoples into handing over the land.
The government and the President himself, Andrew Jackson, ignoring the law, often forced the Native Americans to vacate their own land. Self- appointed representitives of the Cherokee nation negotiated the Treaty of New Echota in Many of the Cherokee people did not agree with the treaty.
General Scott and his soldiers forced the native people out of their homes at bayonet point while they ransacked their belongings and homes. Diseases and epidemics during the march were dysentery, whopping cough, typhus, cholera, and starvation. With an estimate of at least 5, fatalities. Coerced by the U. Army, during the years to an estimate of , Native Indians were relocated to west of the Mississippi River. Some were even transported in chains. Department of the Interior, 28 Mar.
Cherokees originally occupied several states in the southeast. The year that gold was found on Cherokee land, , was also the the the Indian Removal Act was passed. Georgia even held lotteries to give land and gold rights to whites. At the same time Cherokees were not allowed to conduct tribal business, contract, testify in court against whites, or mine for gold. A minority of Cherokees felt that it was useless fight, and that they might survive if they signed a treaty with the U.
In December of , the U. Only to Cherokees were present, and none of them were elected officials of the Cherokees Nation.
The Cherokees and the Trail of Tears research paper is to be written as an argument that the Americans were excessively brutal to the Cherokee/Choctaw Indians in American History, and the Trail of Tears, was an unjust and unfair way to gain land.
- To many the trail of tears has no meaning or relevance in their life, but for some the Trail of Tears has great meaning since many of the native ancestors endured the hardships of this time. In the s, Native Americans occupied many acres of land in Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and .
This blog post is provided free of charge and we encourage you to use it for your research and writing. However, we do require that you cite it properly using the citation provided below (in MLA format). Ultius, Inc. "Research Paper on the Trail of Tears." Ultius Blog. Ultius 4/5(2). Research Papers words ( pages) Essay on The Trail of Tears - The Trail of Tears “The Trail of Tears” was a despicable event in American history because of our government’s inhumane treatment of the Cherokee Nation.
Essay Paper on The Trail of Tears The Trail of Tears stands for one of the most tragic periods in the history of the US. It was the beginning of extermination of Indian tribe – the Cherokee. Trail of Tears Research Paper In , Andrew Jackson, signed the Indian Removal Act. This act allowed the government to trade the Native’s land east of the Mississippi for the for land in Oklahoma.