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of Descriptive Research

What Is the Meaning of the Descriptive Method in Research?

❶It often uses visual aids such as graphs and charts to aid the reader in understanding the data distribution. Describing atypical individuals may lead to poor generalizations and detract from external validity.

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Quick Answer Some examples of descriptive research include case studies and preliminary observation of a group. What Are Some Examples of Cooperation? Full Answer Descriptive research includes both quantitative and qualitative data and uses these types of data to describe the population being observed. Learn more about Social Sciences. What Are Some Examples of Methodology? One example of methodology is the strategy a teacher uses to decide which games or teaching tools he should use to practice subtraction skills with a large You May Also Like Q: What Are Examples of Bathos?

What Are Examples of Being Independent? Why Do We Have Elections? Descriptive research methods are pretty much as they sound — they describe situations. They do not make accurate predictions, and they do not determine cause and effect. There are three main types of descriptive methods: This article will briefly describe each of these methods, their advantages, and their drawbacks. This may help you better understand research findings, whether reported in the mainstream media, or when reading a research study on your own.

With the observational method sometimes referred to as field observation animal and human behavior is closely observed. There are two main categories of the observational method — naturalistic observation and laboratory observation. The biggest advantage of the naturalistic method of research is that researchers view participants in their natural environments. This leads to greater ecological validity than laboratory observation, proponents say. Proponents of laboratory observation often suggest that due to more control in the laboratory, the results found when using laboratory observation are more meaningful than those obtained with naturalistic observation.

Laboratory observations are usually less time-consuming and cheaper than naturalistic observations. Of course, both naturalistic and laboratory observation are important in regard to the advancement of scientific knowledge.

Case study research involves an in-depth study of an individual or group of indviduals. Case studies often lead to testable hypotheses and allow us to study rare phenomena. Case studies should not be used to determine cause and effect, and they have limited use for making accurate predictions. There are two serious problems with case studies — expectancy effects and atypical individuals. Describing atypical individuals may lead to poor generalizations and detract from external validity. In survey method research, participants answer questions administered through interviews or questionnaires.

After participants answer the questions, researchers describe the responses given. In order for the survey to be both reliable and valid it is important that the questions are constructed properly. Questions should be written so they are clear and easy to comprehend.

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Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way. More simply put, descriptive research is all about describing people who take part in the study. More simply put, descriptive research is all about describing people who take part in the study.

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Descriptive research methods are pretty much as they sound -- they describe situations. They do not make accurate predictions, and they do not determine cause and effect. There are three main types of descriptive methods: observational methods, case-study methods and survey methods.

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An important characteristic of descriptive research relates to the fact that while descriptive research can employ a number of variables, only one variable is required to conduct a descriptive study. Three main purposes of descriptive studies can be explained as describing, . Descriptive research design is a valid method for researching specific subjects and as a precursor to more quantitative studies. Whilst there are some valid concerns about the statistical validity, as long as the limitations are understood by the researcher, this type of study is an invaluable scientific tool.

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Some examples of descriptive research include case studies and preliminary observation of a group. Case studies are examples of a relevant event that can be . Descriptive research is a study intended to portray something in an accurate manner. It may involve "birdseye" observations so as it contributes novelty or may involve an in-depth case study or may involve brand-new surveys with analysis to them.